According to the Mayo Clinic, about 10 to 15 percent of couples in the United States are infertile. This might be due to various reasons, could be because of the male or female.
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, a common cause of infertility in women is a problem with ovulation. It is a process of releasing a mature egg from the uterus to the fallopian tubes and then walk towards to be fertilized.) A common sign of ovulation problems in whom abnormal menstrual periods, menstrual periods or less complete.
Below are some common causes of infertility in women, which is mostly associated with ovulation problems:
1. Poly-cystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
PCOS is a condition that causes excess production of androgen’s and is one of the main causes of infertility in women. Hormonal imbalance caused by PCOS causes problems with ovulation and menstrual cycle disruption. This condition is often associated with obesity and insulin resistance.
2. Premature menopause
According to the Mayo Clinic, early menopause is defined as a deficiency or lose menstruation and ending early signs of ovarian follicles before a woman reaches the age of 40 years. A woman is considered premature menopause when ovarian function (ovarian) and stopped menstruating before age 40 years. Certain immune diseases or even radiation therapy can trigger early menopause in women.
3. Damage to oviduct (fallopian)
When the fallopian tubes are inflamed, this may be due to a blockage or scar tissue, which in turn, lead to infertility. Such damage is usually caused by infection with sexually transmitted diseases, especially chlamydia. Other cases which can cause blockage of the fallopian including pelvic inflammatory disease, or due to scar ectopic pregnancy.
Endometriosis is a condition in which uterine tissue grows outside the uterus. This condition usually affects the ovaries, eggs, fallopian tubes, uterus and even sperm function. In the case of mild endometriosis, conception is still possible because not all women will experience infertility. In this case, laparoscopy can be used to remove the scar tissue caused by endometriosis to assist conception.
5. Ovary scarring
Other factors that affect a woman’s ovulation is physical damage to the ovaries. Such damage can be caused by surgery due to ovarian cysts. Extensive surgery or invasive constant can cause scarring damage to the point where it can no longer ovarian follicles mature, consequently ovulation process becomes incomplete.
6. Adhesion pelvis
Defined as pelvic adhesion’s scar tissue that forms after pelvic surgery, appendectomy can interfere with fertility. Pelvic adhesion’s can alter the structure of the fallopian tubes, making it difficult for a woman’s egg to travel through the channel.
7. Thyroid Problems
Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which an overactive thyroid gland. While thyroid hypothyroidism, a condition caused by an under-active thyroid. Both can cause infertility problems in women.
8. Cancer Treatment
Having cancer and undergoing radiotherapy or other forms of cancer treatment can disrupt the function of the male or female reproductive system. Research has shown that a woman’s fertility decline is one of the cause of the side effects of radiation. But it also depends on body parts that had been illuminated. Women who undergo radiation therapy should talk with their doctor about the effects of treatment that might affect their fertility.
9. Certain medications and lifestyle
Certain drugs can cause infertility in women. But to completely stop taking the drug, the woman may still be fertile to return to normal. Using drugs, drinking alcohol, smoking, unhealthy eating and being overweight or underweight, and excessive athletics can also cause infertility in women.
Age is also regarded as a common factor related infertility in women. Women over 40 years old have a lower egg number and tend to be less healthy. The possibility of miscarriage is also higher in women who are older.