One way that is easy to plan a pregnancy is to use contraception. Contraceptive comes in a variety of methods and effectiveness. Despite the different methods, but this tool has the same goal, namely to prevent unwanted pregnancies.
Condom comes from the Latin condus which means the reservoir. Condoms are a type of bag that is sheathed on the penis before sexual intercourse. This has the advantages of contraceptives protect against PMS and do not affect hormone. The drawback is its effectiveness. Approximately 2-15 percent of women still get pregnant even though her partner to use a condom.
The Female Condom
The female condom is a pouch lubricating with two flexible rings at the edges. Female condoms are very effective when used properly. The female condom has the advantage of protecting from PMS, not easily slip or leak, does not affect hormones and does not cause allergies (because it is made of polyurethane, not latex). Condoms can be mounted before sexual intercourse (up to 8 hours before) so no need to pause for romance. The disadvantage is that some people feel less comfortable, is not effective for all positions, and they’re expensive. The female condom can not be used in conjunction with a male condom because it can cause the position to move out.
The contraceptive pill is very reliable, its effectiveness reaches 99 percent. Contraceptive pills also provide control in the hands of women to prevent pregnancy. Disadvantages of contraceptive pills do not protect against PMS is, to be taken every day on schedule to be effective, and increase the hormones that increase the risk of thrombosis, weight gain, headaches, nausea and other side effects. Contraceptive pills should not be taken by women with certain health conditions, such as diabetes, liver disease, and heart disease.
Although it has been used for more than 30 years to prevent pregnancy, how the spiral is still not fully understood. Spiral movement and affect the viability of sperm in the uterus so that they can not reach the egg to fertilize. Spiral also change the lining of the uterus so it is not suitable for pregnancy and embryonic development of the fetus. The effectiveness of the spiral is 98 percent, almost the same as the contraceptive pill.
The advantages of the spiral is a long-term (minimum five years), less expensive than other contraceptives and if you want to get pregnant, fertility can be restored quickly after you release it.
Spiral progestogen has added benefit of reducing menstrual bleeding. Disadvantages of the spiral is failing and the woman becomes pregnant, the device should be removed as soon as possible because it increases the risk of miscarriage. In addition, there is a small risk of infection after insertion of the spiral, ectopic pregnancy and a variety of side effects such as irregular periods, vaginal dryness, headaches, nausea and acne.
Sterilization is the most effective contraceptive. In male sterilization, vasectomy, closed so that no sperm comes out, though still ejaculate. In female sterilization (tubal ligation), the channel is closed fallopian tubes so the egg does not come out.
Sterilization advantage is you will not have to think about contraception forever. The drawback, is permanent (can not be canceled). Keep in mind that no contraceptive is 100 percent effective.
Implant is a small rod containing the hormone which is placed under the skin of a woman’s arm. These rods are made of flexible plastic with a size of a matchbox. Over a period of 3 years, you do not have to think about contraception. If you want a child, contraceptive implant can be removed at any time. The cost is cheap and hassle-free usage is another advantage of the contraceptive implant.
The drawback, causing headaches and acne in some women, does not protect against PMS and about 20 percent of women no longer get menstruation or menstrual become irregular.
contraceptive injections or hormone injection is an injection that prevents pregnancy. Once every three months to get a new injection. During this period, normal menstruation. The advantages of injectable contraceptives is equivalent reliability contraceptive pill or implant and you just need to think about contraception every 3 months. The disadvantage, you are not protected PMS against and get hormones. You also can not stop suddenly because of hormones for three months remain active in the body.