90 percent of cases are caused by the Ebola virus disease fatal. Until now health experts have not managed to find a cure or vaccination powerful. The disease is typically found in remote villages in Central and West Africa region, particularly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Sudan, Gabun, Ivory Coast, Uganda, and now in Guinea. About 60 people have died there since mid-February this year due to the virus infection.
The spread of the Ebola virus
The Ebola virus is transmitted from person to person through body fluids. Not through the air. So there must be a direct body contact. For example, those who care for patients who are at risk of contracting the Ebola virus. At the hospital, the virus also can spread quickly. In addition, transmission can also occur if the mourner touches the body of someone who died of Ebola. Animals can also be carriers of the virus. The virus is able to multiply in almost all cells of the host. Especially bats capable of transmitting the virus. Human touch sick or dead animals, will be infected with the same disease.
Ebola virus comes from the tropical forests of central Africa and Southeast Asia. They include family Filovirus. That is, under the electron microscope appear as long thin threads. There are several types of Ebola virus. Not all can infect humans.
symptoms of the disease
Between two and 21 days after infection, the patient began to feel weak. They have a fever, headache and muscle aches. Then they are loss of appetite, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, vomiting and impaired coagulation. After that, the virus attacks the intestinal canal stomach, spleen and lungs. These can all cause mortality of infected patients.
There is no therapy
There is no vaccination to prevent Ebola. Once the virus is in the body, the patient can not be cured with medication. There is no treatment for Ebola virus. The only way not infected is to follow hygiene rules in hospitals. Such as wearing gloves and quarantine.
The Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976 in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since then, according to the WHO, there were 15 epidemics in African countries. More than 1,300 people died from the virus. Currently epidemic occurred in Guinea, earlier in 2012 in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.